Green Chilli Jwala is one of the most popular vegetables grown in the home garden. Chili plants are not only popular for their health benefits, but also popular for their medicinal properties. Spicy and eye watering sensation jwala chilli contain vitamin C, vitamin E and vitamin K and high protein and minerals. Growing chili at home is the best option for the person who has little knowledge about gardening. After reading the information given below, you know about how to grow chillies, green chilli plant growing step by step and also know about chilli plant growing stages with days. Buy the Best Quality Chilli Jwala (Mirch) Hybrid Seeds Online at the best price in India from www.organicbazar.net with a good germination rate.
About this item
- Number of green Green Chilli Jwala Seeds (mirch ke beej): 50 Seeds (Approx)
- Sowing season: Throughout the year (Best time March To June)
- Where to grow: Balcony or terrace garden
- Mode of sowing: Sow the seeds 0.5 cm deep in a seedling tray or Container or Pots. Transplant in 25 to 30 days
- Germination Time: 6 to 10 days from sowing
- Germination temperature: 15˚C to 32˚C
- Harvesting: 60 to 70 days from transplanting
- Plant vigor: Strong plant with short internodes
What size grow bag is best for Green Chilli?
Green Chilli Growing Season In India
Jwala Chilli can sown in any season (throughout the year) but thrive in warm and humid condition. Best month for growing chilli are January to February, May to June and September to October.
How To Grow Chilli plants
Most productive chilli plant is very easy to grow. Choose best quality of Jwala chilli seeds for better result. Generally chilli seed sown in seedling tray and then transplant after seeds germinated, transplant is necessary because it allows plant to grow freely. Select a seedling tray or small pot up to 3 inches deep and for transplanting you need at least 12 inches deep pot or grow bags. Sown the chilli seeds in warm climate and best temperature for seeds germination is between 18-22 degree Celsius. Give proper sunlight to your chilli plant and soil should be moist. Direct sun to more than 8 hours could cause the leaves to scorch and dry out.
Chilli Seeds Sowing Method
Start sowing green chilli seeds in seedling tray is the best idea because it provides the most favorable environment. Select a seedling tray or small size pots up to 3 inches deep. Fill the seedling tray with growing medium and spread the chilli seeds on it, then cover a thin layer of soil above the seeds. Give light water or sprinkle of some water through water sprayer. Keep the seedling tray in a location where it receives medium and bright indirect sunlight and keep the soil moist. Chilli seeds will germinate within 6-10 days (depend on climate, temperature or if other factors goes well).
Transplanting Chilli Seedling Into Big Pots
After germination of chilli jwala seeds, when seedlings are 4-6 inches in height at that time transplant them into an individual pots and plant only 1-2 saplings per pot. Choose a big pot/grow bag about 12 inches deep (or more than) with well drainage holes then fill the soil in pots with any organic fertilizer like vermicompost, cow manure etc. Select the healthiest plant and then transplant them carefully without disturbing their root. Keep the pot in sunny location where chilli plant get proper sunlight and give water whenever you feel that soil becomes dry.
How To Fertilize Chilli Plants
- For grow green chilli plants faster, give nutrients rich fertilizer when chilli plant starts flowering, as nutrients help the plants to produce more chillies.
- Feed your plants with organic fertilizers like vermicompost or other home made compost at regular interval or every 20-25 days.
Chilli Plant Care Tips
Water – Chilli jwala does not require too much water as compared to other plants, give water when the top layer of soil becomes dry but keep the soil moist not soggy.
Soil – Use well drained and fertile soil for best result of chilli plants with 6.5-7.0 ph.
Sunlight – Jwala chilli plant sunlight requirements is at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight.
Temperature – Chilli plants grow best in air temperature range from 21 to 35 degree Celsius (70-95 degree Fahrenheit)
Common Pests and disease – Aphids, cutworms, flea beetles, root-knot nematodes and many more are found in chilli plants. Powdery mildew, bacterial leaf spot are some disease which affect the whole chillies plant. To control these pests use Neem oil in your chili plants and use amino acid through sprays maybe avoided the injection of disease in chilli plants.
Chilli Plants Flowering Time
Within 2 month from transplanting, Jwala chilli plant starts flowering and the fruit should be visible within 5-10 days after pollination. Chilli is generally self pollinating plant there is no need of insects or wind to pollinate. But sometimes, stamen of male flower develops and is not touching the pistil of female flower or not pollinated this will lead to a sterile flower. Giving your plant a gentle shake time to time will help to solve the problem.
Chilli Harvesting Time
- You can harvest green chili after 70 to 80 days from transplanting.
- Pick jwala chilli when they reached full size and are of mature colour. You can cut chilli throughout the year.
- Cut the chilli by sharp scissor and leaving about an inch of the stem.
- If you want chilli for drying, then you can harvest at full ripe stage, also use as chilli powder.
Chilli Plants Special Features
- Common name of chilli – Green peppers, Hari mirch (हरी मिर्च)
- Scientific name – Capsicum annuum
- Flower colour – White
- Chilli plant Height – About 2-5 feet
- Level of grow – Easy
Why is my chilli plant not flowering?
Green chilli will not flowering (or fruiting), generally caused by temperature that is either too hot or too cold. Make sure that your chilli plant receives at least 6 hours of full sunlight for fruit set.
Why does my chilli plant flower dying but not fruits?
A green chilli with no fruits may be the result of incorrect temperature and lacks of pollination or other reason for not producing fruits will be root rot which is caused by deficiency of calcium in the soil or night temperature is more than 23 degree Celsius.
Why do chilli plant leaves turn yellow?
The most common reason for yellow leaves on a chilli plants is either under watering or lacks of nutrients in the soil. Give proper water to chillies plant, keep soil moist and apply nutrients in soil.
Why my green chilli plants dying?
Improper watering practices like under watering or over watering is the main reason of chilli plant die. Chilli plants cannot survive without water but too much water also kill the plants.
How to grow chilli plants faster?
Chilli plants give the best result when growing in moist and nitrogen rich soil.
Why are my chilli seeds not germinating?
Chilli seeds will not germinate because of improper growing conditions like not getting enough sunlight, sowing seeds too deep in the soil, over watering or under watering.
Country of Origin - India