Bitter gourd or karela may taste bitter but it has too many health benefits. Bitter gourd Hybrid Long is a vine growing plant that can be grown in pots at home like cucumbers or melons in hot summer. It’s very interesting to grow long bitter gourd in your own home. In this information you will know how to grow long bitter gourd plant in a pot and some easy tips for growing bitter gourd hybrid long. Buy the best Quality Bitter Gourd Long Hybrid Seeds Online at the best price in India from www.organicbazar.net with a Good Germination rate.
About this item
- Number of Bitter Gourd (Karela) seeds: 10 Seeds
- Where to grow: Balcony or terrace garden
- Sowing season: Throughout the year
- Mode of sowing: Sow the seeds 0.5-1 inch deep in a Container, or Pots.
- Germination Time: 8 to 12 days from sowing
- Germination temperature: 25-32°C
- Harvesting: 8 to 10 weeks
- Plant vigor: Strong plant
What size grow bag is best for Bitter Gourd?
Bitter Gourd Growing Season In India
Long Bitter gourd plant can grow throughout the year in any season but needs a warm and humid climate to grow well. The best month for sowing long bitter gourd (lamba karela) seeds is March to October.
How To Grow Bitter Gourd In Pots
Direct sowing method is best for planting bitter gourd long in any container. The best size of pot/grow bag is 15-24 inches height and width for faster growth of bitter gourd plant. Bitter gourd long hybrid seeds are usually hard so you can soak the seeds which will help you to germinate fast but can direct sowing seeds and keep soil moist for quick germination. Before watering the bitter gourd plant, check that the soil is dry because bitter gourd is a vegetable grown in the summer season, it is necessary to water it from time to time.
Long Bitter Gourd Seed Sowing Method
Sown bitter gourd long hybrid seeds about 1 inch deep in soil at a distance of 6-7 inches between two plants. Gently water the soil and keep the soil evenly moist till the seeds germinate. Seeds will take about 8 to 12 days to germinate in best soil temperature 25 to 32℃.
Bitter Gourd Fertilize Requirements
- Apply any slow release fertilizer (such as vermicompost, cow manure, neem cake or mustard cake) at the time of long bitter gourd planting.
- Feed the long hybrid bitter gourd plants with liquid fertilizer once a month during flowering time to increase flowers.
How To Make Support For Bitter Gourd
Long Bitter gourd is vine plant and grows very tall so you need to develop a strong trellis support (6-7 feet) by using material like pipes, creeper net, bamboo, ropes, wires etc, when the plant reaches about 2-3 inches long and has few leaves. Trellis helps to grow bitter gourd vines vertically which makes the plant grow well and helps in producing good fruits.
Long Bitter Gourd Plant Care Tips
Water – Keep soil moist and gently water the soil during morning or evening when the soil feels dry on touch.
Soil – To get the best results of bitter gourd plant, use loamy and rich organic matter soil.
Sunlight – Bitter gourd prefer warm climate; so keep the plant in such a place, where it gets 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily.
Temperature – Ideal temperature for growing bitter gourd plant is 25-38 degree Celsius.
Common pests and disease – Some pests like Mexican bean beetles, mites can attacks the bitter gourd plants. Powdery mildew and downy mildew is the main disease that infected bitter gourd plant. To get rid of this problem, it would be right to spray neem oil on the bitter gourd plant from time to time.
How To Prune Long Bitter Gourd
The main purpose of prune bitter gourd is to keep vines neat and remove unnecessary side vines. Regular pruning of side shoots on bitter gourd is also necessary to get more fruits from the plant and to control the spread of the plant.
Which vines should we prune?
- Cut weak vines (that are old, thin with unhealthy shoots) will not fruit in future.
- Vines that grow on the floor; but they will not have good quality fruits.
- Remove the vines that grow near root.
- Vines with failed fruit or without fruits.
Bitter Gourd Flowering Time And Pollination
After 1 month from seed sowing bitter gourd starts flowering, male flower appear first and female will begin at a small fruit. Bitter gourd is a cross-pollinated; especially bees will pollinate the flowers. But sometimes it may a problem in pollination because bees or insects are less active during the monsoon season. In such case hand pollination can work, reveal the stamen at centre by remove the petal from male blossom, you will see pollen clinging to it. Carry the pollen on your finger or small soft brush to female blossoms and touch them at their center. Be sure to refresh your brush with pollen in every few touch. After doing this process, you will see plant starts to give fruits. The introduction of beehives also ensures good pollination.
Long Bitter Gourd Harvest Time
- Plants start bearing fruits within 55 to 70 days of sowing bitter gourd seeds.
- long bitter gourds of dark green color whose length is 4-5 inches can be harvest.
- If fruits are left to ripen on the vine longer than this, they will begin to change colour to a pale orange color and taste bad.
- During harvesting, pluck bitter gourd fruits every 2-3 days so that new fruits can be formed.
- Bitter gourd fruits ripen fast in warm places as compared to cold ones. So keep plucking the fruits on time.
Bitter Gourd Plant Special Features
- Common name – Bitter melon, balsam pear, karela (in Hindi)
- Scientific name – Momordica charantia
- Height – 6 to 10 feet
- Flower colour – Yellow
- Grow level – Easy
- Companion plant – Beans, corn, peas and pumpkin
- Hindi Name – Karela, करेला
Does bitter gourd need full sun?
Bitter gourd plant grows fast when it gets 6-8 hours of direct full sunlight.
How can I make my bitter gourd grow faster?
Bitter gourd can grow rapidly in nutrient-rich soil with good organic manure and with proper sunlight and water.
Why my bitter gourd fruit turning yellow?
Bitter gourd yellow mosaic virus causes yellow mosaic disease in bitter gourd. Fruit also turns yellow due to lacks of watering.
Why my bitter gourd flower dropping?
Over watering, extreme high temperature and excess nitrogen in fertilizer causes bitter gourd flower dropping.
Do bitter gourd plants need support?
For vertical growth of bitter gourd plant, it needs support like pipe, bamboo, rope or wires for producing more fruit.
Why is my bitter gourd plant not flowering?
There are three factors like water, sunlight and temperature changes that affect the blooms of your bitter gourd. Don’t get too much water or less water to your bitter gourd plants and keep the plant at a place where it can get proper sunlight.
Why my bitter gourd leaves getting wilting?
Overwatering is the main reason behind wilting; so avoid overwatering and keep the soil moist.
Why are my bitter gourd seeds not germinating?
Bitter gourd seeds will not germinate because of improper growing conditions like not getting enough sunlight, over watering or under watering.
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